Eternal Subordination of the Son (ESS) Digest
Classic trinitarian theology says that the Father is unbegotten, the Son is begotten of the Father, and the Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son.
But there are some influential people in the visible church who maintain that there is no Holy Trinity without the order of authority and submission. These people believe that in His Incarnation the Son submitted to the Father, but they also believe in the eternal submission of the Son to the Father. Their doctrine is known as ESS (Eternal Submission of the Son, or Eternal Subordination of the Son). It goes beyond scripture. It is not orthodox classical theology. It diverges from one of the most ancient creeds of the church, the Nicene Creed.
Here is a short blog post by Ps Sam Powell which explains ESS: God in three persons.
What follows is a list of posts on this site which contest the doctrine of ESS, name some of its most well known proponents, and discuss how it impinges on the way churches mishandle abuse.