A Cry For Justice

Awakening the Evangelical Church to Domestic Violence and Abuse in its Midst

Are all sins equally bad? Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?

Q. 83. Are all transgressions of the law equally heinous?
A. Some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others.
Westminster Shorter Catechism

This principle is amplified at greater length in the Westminster Larger Catechism, which sets forth a list of things which might make a sin more heinous, including:

  • the offender is of ripe age, holds an eminent office, or is a guide to others
  • the person offended is someone the offender is related to, or is one of the saints, particularly weaker brethren
  • the offense violates the express letter of the law
  • the offense contains in it many sins, and is not only conceived in the heart, but breaks forth in words and actions, scandalizes others, admits of no reparation, and is done deliberately, willfully, presumptuously, impudently, boastingly, maliciously, frequently, obstinately, with delight, or continuance.

The full text of the relevant part of the Larger Catechism

Q. 150. Are all transgressions of the law of God equally heinous in themselves, and in the sight of God?
A. All transgressions of the law are not equally heinous; but some sins in themselves, and by reason of several aggravations, are more heinous in the sight of God than others.

Q. 151. What are those aggravations that make some sins more heinous than others?
A. Sins receive their aggravations,

1. From the persons offending; if they be of riper age, greater experience or grace, eminent for profession, gifts, place, office, guides to others, and whose example is likely to be followed by others.

2. From the parties offended: if immediately against God, his attributes, and worship; against Christ, and his grace; the Holy Spirit, his witness, and workings; against superiors, men of eminency, and such as we stand especially related and engaged unto; against any of the saints, particularly weak brethren, the souls of them, or any other, and the common good of all or many.

3. From the nature and quality of the offence: if it be against the express letter of the law, break many commandments, contain in it many sins: if not only conceived in the heart, but breaks forth in words and actions, scandalize others, and admit of no reparation: if against means, mercies, judgments, light of nature, conviction of conscience, public or private admonition, censures of the church, civil punishments; and our prayers, purposes, promises, vows, covenants, and engagements to God or men: if done deliberately, willfully, presumptuously, impudently, boastingly, maliciously, frequently, obstinately, with delight, continuance, or relapsing after repentance.

4. From circumstances of time, and place: if on the Lord’s day, or other times of divine worship; or immediately before or after these, or other helps to prevent or remedy such miscarriages: if in public, or in the presence of others, who are thereby likely to be provoked or defiled.
Westminster Larger Catechism

Here are a couple of Bible passages which testify to the fact that some sins are more heinous in the sight of God than others:

“Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the miracles had been performed in Tyre and Sidon which occurred in you, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. But it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the judgment than for you. (Luke 10:13-14, cf Matt 11:20-22)

So Pilate said to Him, “You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” Jesus answered, “You would have no authority over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.” (John 19:10-11)

For a discussion of how all this can relate to domestic abuse and how it pertains to the story of the Levite’s Concubine in Judges 19, I invite you to watch this video presentation.


  1. Anonymous

    Thank you for this post. Years ago when I first approached church leadership for help I was bewildered as they didn’t seem to take my testimony seriously. I knew that my circumstances warranted that ‘this was sin against God’. Why is it that so many within the churches don’t acknowledge that except that they are or choose to be blind to the Truth.
    I watched the “Levite’s Concubine” about a year ago and knew I had to revisit it as there was much to glean from.

  2. standsfortruth

    Thank you for sharing this video Barbara.
    I have seen this once before and the levite seems to fit the abuser profile perfectly.

    The Levite was quite ept at fooling even the concubines Father, that he was a changed person, and what a facade he must have put on.
    But such a mistake it was to trust him with his daughter a second time.
    And such a wake of destruction he left in his path of total destruction from people trusting and believing in him.

  3. Barnabasintraining

    Barbara, that was brilliant. I have to watch it again when I can.

  4. Still Reforming

    On a surface level and just as gut instinct, this makes sense to me – as I also ponder the flip side of the coin: “But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, who WILL RENDER TO EACH PERSON ACCORDING TO HIS DEEDS: to those who by perseverance in doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life;… (Romans 2:5-7)

    It sounds to me like each person will be either rewarded or punished according to what s/he has done in this life, so that to the unrepentant sinner, s/he will receive punishment fitting the crime and likewise with the repentant soul s/he will receive rewards commensurate with the fruit of their works.

    In other words, we are treated as individuals by God – not graded on a curve. We are punished and rewarded as unique persons, not leveling the playing field, but judged fairly by the only righteous and holy judge.

  5. BreatheAgain

    In my one-year Bible today this was the OT reading. I have never understood this story and I am glad to find you addressing it here. Oh my gosh…this is so shocking. Makes so much sense the way you explain this. I feel alternately sick to my stomach, horrified, and also further enlightened to the mindset of abusers. It will take awhile to really process this. Thank you Barbara.

    • Thanks BreatheAgain!
      I invite all our readers to share my Levite’s Concubine YouTube presentation with others. I would love more people in the church to realise how much wisdom and truth that story imparts.

  6. Finding Answers

    I first read this post a few months ago, watching The Levites Concubine at a later date from the link in another post.

    All things considered, I think my past abusers are in for a really bad time. I would not want to be in their shoes. Yet this knowledge brings neither happiness or pain, only a vague sense of sadness.

    The sadness I feel is not for me, but what they have done to Christ.

    Perhaps I have changed. Finally, I understand with both my head and my heart. And maybe I have learned an additional definition for “pity”.

    • So glad to know that your head and your heart are in harmony, rather than dischord.

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